December 1st has been established by the World Health Organization and the United Nations as the World Day against AIDS, a disease that is solely due to HIV. According to the most authoritative scientific theories, the virus began to spread across the African continent in the 1960s and in the 1970s the first cases were observed in other countries around the world.
The first fully-researched and scientific case study was identified in the United States in December 1981. The fact that the first seropositive homosexuals led to its erroneous characterization as a homosexual disease. Very soon after the first case, it was realized that the virus is mainly sexually transmitted and does not discriminate in sex and sexual preferences.
HIV attacks the immune system cells leading to a gradual collapse of the body’s defense against disease. AIDS refers to the most advanced stages of the syndrome and is characterized by
20 opportunistic infections and cancers
AIDS is the most lethal disease in the world and has cost the lives of 25 million people since 1981 when it was identified. It is estimated that 33 million people living with AIDS, most in the developing countries of the world. In 2007 they were recorded 2.7 million new cases
During the first ten months of 2008 were recorded 547 new cases (+ 31% increase over the same period in 2007). Of these, 458 were men and 89 women. In developing countries, 9.7 million people are in dire need of AIDS drugs. Only 31% (2.99 million) have access to them. The same rate reaches 42% across the world.
More than 2 million children live with AIDS according to data from 2007. Most live in Africa and were infected by their mothers during pregnancy or breastfeeding. 11.6 million children in Africa are orphaned because of AIDS. Viral transmission of the virus from the mother to the embryo is completely manageable. In 2008, 45% of pregnant women had access to antiretroviral drugs
About 1000 children a day infected with HIV. 2 million people annually lose their lives from AIDS.