NASA is ready to create a $ 1.5 billion spacecraft on a brutal trip to the Sun, offering scientists the closest view of our strange and mysterious star. In short, it will become the first spacecraft to pass through the hot atmosphere of the Sun, known as the corona (Greek: Star Crown, the upper layer of the Sun’s atmosphere).
Understanding the way corona works will help scientists anticipate the dangerous solar storms in space, which can disrupt the grid on Earth. “It’s very important for us to be able to predict the weather in the same simple way we predict the weather on Earth,” explains Alex Young, a NASA scientist.
The unmanned spacecraft detector is called the Parker Solar Probe. 3.83 million miles (6.16 million kilometers) will be removed from the Earth to be at some point above the surface of the Sun. Mission leaders say this may sound extremely impressive, but it’s really particularly dangerous, given the conditions prevailing in that place, so there’s a huge chance that $ 1.5 billion will be thrown into the ring.
At the point where the spacecraft will be found to make the required observations, temperatures of approximately 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit (1,370 degrees Celsius) are developing. The spacecraft will be protected by a thermal shield that will be able to keep it constantly at room temperature, about 85 degrees Fahrenheit (about 29 to 30 degrees Celsius)
In fact, the spacecraft will be able to develop speeds of up to 430,000 miles an hour and will become the “fastest human object ever built,” said project researcher Nicky Fox of John Hopkins University. During his seven-year mission, the spacecraft intends to go through the corona 24 times.