HCDCP recalls that vaccination remains the best way to protect against influenza. An indicative of the situation is the fact that in the early days of 2018 nearly seven million Italians sought medical help because of flu symptoms.
This year, HCDCP’s HNN1 and H1N1 influenza virus strains dominate the HCDCP. Of course, it should be noted that the degree of protection depends on the state of the individual’s health. New healthy individuals with a normal immune system are more protected from older people with impaired immune function.
Influenza is transmitted from person to person when the patient coughs, sneezes or speaks and spreads viruses in the air in the form of small, invisible droplets. Also, influenza viruses are transmitted and when the patient touches objects and surfaces.
Factors such as cold weather and comradeship increase the risk of flu transmission. Adults can spread the flu for one day before they get sick for up to 5-7 days from the first symptoms. Children and patients with severe immunosuppression may spread the flu for over a week.
What to do to avoid influenza
Avoid direct contact with patients.
Wash your hands frequently. You need to wash your hands with soap for at least 20 seconds, do not miss the folds of the fingers, areas under the nails.
Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
When you sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue. If you do not, prefer to cough or sneeze inside your elbow.