Glaucoma, a chronic condition, accompanied by an increase in eye pressure, is characterized by experts as a silent “killer of vision.” The condition affects everyone, from infants to the elderly, and is the world’s most frequent cause of irreversible blindness.
According to World Health Organization statistics, glaucoma is the second most common cause of blindness on the planet, while glaucoma patients from 60,500,000 in 2010 are estimated to be over 80,000,000 in 2020 and half and more glaucoma patients worldwide remain undiagnosed.
However, if glaucoma is diagnosed in time, it is feasible to prevent its catastrophic consequences according to the Athenian-Macedonian News Agency. Glaucoma is a group of ophthalmic diseases that cause damage to the optic nerve.
The optic nerve is the” cord “that connects the eye with the human brain. If damage is caused to a set of optic nerve fibers, as occurs in glaucoma, the result is loss of vision. Unfortunately, the nerve fibers that have been destroyed are not regenerated, and the part of the field of vision in which vision is diminished or lost is not reverted. That is why prevention and diagnosis of the disease is particularly important.
And he adds: “Glaucoma is a chronic evolutionary condition usually accompanied by an increase in intraocular pressure because of the inability to take off the aqueous humor normally produced inside the eye. Intraocular pressure exerted on the optic nerve can lead to irreversible loss of vision or total blindness.
It is worth mentioning that increased intraocular pressure alone does not necessarily mean glaucoma, unless optic nerve damage is observed. This condition is called ocular hypertension. ” The most important risk factors for glaucoma are age, race, family history, severely refractive problems, cardiovascular factors, diabetes, trauma or inflammation of the eye, fine corneas, and long-term use of cortisone.
Doctors recommends glaucoma patients to take their medication (pills or tablets) just as their ophthalmologist has advised and tell their doctor about possible side effects of medication. Also because of the hereditary factor, he recommends glaucomatics to encourage their adult relatives to undergo regular ophthalmologic examination.
This test lasts about 15 minutes, is painless, does not occur with eye drops that affect vision, and includes intraocular pressure measurement by glaucoma-qualified doctors.