Vitamin B12 is essential for the health of the nervous system and blood cells.
It is essential for the synthesis of white and red blood cells, participates in the production of genetic material DNA and RNA, enhances fertility, helps in the prevention of Alzheimer, participates in protein synthesis, fat and carbohydrate metabolism and helps in better digestion of food.
It also enhances the health of hair and skin, mitigates the symptoms of depression, and the risk of cardiovascular disease. Vitamin B12 deficiency is common in those who follow vegetarian and vegan diet, that is, they do not eat foods of animal origin that are rich in this vitamin.
Another common cause of vitamin B12 deficiency is malignant anemia or Biermer anemia.
It is a chronic disease that develops slowly but steadily if not treated. In the past it could even lead to death, but today replenishment treatment with sufficient vitamin B12 completely corrects the deficiency and allows for a smooth life.
Malignant anemia is due to a lack of endogenous factor (IF), due to atrophy of the gastrointestinal mucosa or autoimmune destruction of stomach stomach cells. During this disease, large, immature, nucleated cells are called into the blood, called granulomas and precursor forms of red blood cells, but which do not function as red blood cells.
Yellow skin complexion
– Wounds and pain in the tongue (glossitis)
– Oral ulcers
– Feeling of stinging or chucking (paraesthesia, a temporary change in feeling not accompanied by some long-term harm or change and many people experience at some point in their lives).
– Changes to the way you walk and move around
– Visual disturbances
– Changes in thinking, feeling and behavior
– Reduction of your mental abilities, such as memory, understanding and judgment (dementia)
Some of the symptoms may occur in people who are deficient in vitamin B12 but have not developed anemia. Diagnosis of low B12 vitamin is by blood test. Tackling the shortage is very important, as it can cause permanent damage. To prevent the risk, it is important to eat foods rich in iron, folic acid and vitamin B12.
Iron contains red meat, green leafy vegetables, corn and dried fruit such as apricots. Folic acid is found in poultry, pork, shellfish and green vegetables such as peas, Brussels sprouts and broccoli. Foods rich in B12 are red meat, eggs and dairy products.