Russian scientists at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MITT), the TISNCM and the National Science and Technology University MISIS have optimized the design of a nuclear energy-producing nuclear energy from nickel decomposition -63, a radioactive isotope.
This new prototype, according to MIPT, provides about 3,300 milliliters of energy per gram, much higher than any other 63-nickel-based nuclear battery and 10 times the commercially available chemical cell energy.
According to the announcement, a research team led by Vladimir Blanck, director of TISNCM and head of nanoparticles physics and chemistry at MIPT, has developed a way to increase the energy density of a nuclear battery ten times. It is noted that 2016 MISIS researchers had already presented a prototype nickel-based battery 63, while another functional prototype had been presented at Atomexpo 2017. The main barrier to the commercial exploitation of nuclear batteries in Russia is the lack of nickel production 63 and enrichment facilities , but there are plans to start production of nickel 63 on an industrial scale by the middle of 2020.
With regard to the applications of such a battery, it is thought that it could see use, among other things, in the medical sector and in the space industry.
“The results so far are already quite remarkable, and can be applied to medical and space technology, but we are planning to do more … the higher the energy density of the device, the more applications it will have,” said Vladimir Blanck.