Periodontitis is associated with increased risk of stroke and diabetes

Researchers, led by Dr. Vinanti Tiouv the Academic Centre for Dentistry at the University of Amsterdam, who made the notice, published in the British medical journal «BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care», studied data on 313 middle-aged people, of whom 126 were mild to moderate periodontitis, 78 severe, whereas 109 were healthy gums. 8% of those with severe periodontal disease had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, compared with 4% among those who had mild to moderate problem and 3% of those with healthy gums.

The blood test for glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C), which measure the average blood sugar level in the body during the past two to three months, showed higher levels in those who had the most severe periodontitis. In the same group they belonged most people with pre-diabetes. Moreover, almost one in five patients (18%) with severe periodontitis had undiagnosed diabetes, compared with 10% in the less severe form of the disease and 8.5% in healthy.

Researchers said that it is advisable to inquire about diabetes even if it’s not yet diagnosed, in people who have severe gum disease. Early diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes through the dentist may prove important to avoid future serious complications in diabetics.

The second study, led by Professor of neurology Souvik Sen School of Medicine, University of N.Karolina, presented at an international conference for strokes in the US, the possible relationship between periodontal disease and stroke.

researchers studied data for about 6,700 people over 15 depth, during which 300 strokes occurred. People with severe periodontitis were 2.2 times more likely to suffer a stroke, those with moderate periodontitis 2.1 times more likely, while a light periodontitis 1.9 times more likely.