Graham is the last task of the TAC (Transport Accident Commision), highlighting how vulnerable our human body is to the forces involved in road accidents. The TAC project is designed to highlight human vulnerability on the road. TAC collaborated with scientists, surgeon Christian Kenfield and road safety expert David Logan, as well as world-known artist Patricia Piccinini, to produce Graham – a live, interactive sculpture demonstrating human vulnerability.
Meet Graham. Maybe it looks a bit different but I assure you that it is human. The reason he looks like this is because his body has been modified to deal with a car crash. Graham was created as part of a new Australian road safety campaign Designed by sculptor Patricia Piccinini, a leading wound surgeon, and a road safety engineer It has multiple nipples to protect its sides as a bunch of physical airbags Graham’s brain is the same as yours, but his skull is larger with more fluid and more ligaments to protect the brain when a collision occurs
Graham has a broader face and very fatty tissue to absorb the energy of a conflict Our face is a fragile composition of bones, muscles and cartilages. Many people injured in car accidents suffer fractures of nasal bones that have complications not only in the bones but also in the bones and sensitive areas behind the cheekbones. To deal with these, Graham has a fairly flat face. His nose is diminished and his ears are protected from the bulky structure of his skull and cervix.
Graham was designed with “airbag” sides with bags that have a similar function to that of an airbag Car safety belts are designed to use the power of the sides to help us cope with the forces of a collision. That’s why the three-point seat belt supports the sides of your chest and basin. It strengthens the power at the center of your chest by diffusing the entire chest until the sides break when the force becomes too big. Graham’s skull is much larger, it’s almost like a helmet and has these built-in folds that would absorb energy in a collision
The skull absorbs a lot of force in the collision through the fractures. Essentially this stops the power from being transferred to the brain, in the same way the helmet works. Graham’s skull has been built to absorb much of the crash earlier, like a helmet. Graham’s knees move in all directions so they are less likely to be injured A pedestrian will usually be hit by a car when descending from the pavement on the street. In this conflict, the immediate problem is that our knee is made to bend only in one direction, so it almost always breaks first.
Depending on the strength of the collision, the tendons may also be twisted to be detached or overstretched far beyond their ability. Graham’s neck is reinforced with a bunch of “columns” protecting his neck and head from injury when there is a sharp movement. The neck does not have enough force to stop the head shaking forward in a collision. The front motion causes an overturning injury and backward movement due to oversteer. To put it simply, the neck is under more pressure than its structures can handle.
The additional risk concerns the spinal cord that passes through the neck vertebrae. If it bends or stretches too much it will cause a cross section, which means serious injury such as paraplegia or quadriplegia. Graham has thicker and harder skin to protect and reduce scratches The effect on pedestrians is usually a closed trauma. But when we drop our bodies on the road or if there are broken glasses, then there can be scratches and wounds. The skin is vulnerable on the road and tar can penetrate the clothing. This is most important for motorcyclists and cyclists who have little protection between them and on the road.
Also has strong, horse-drawn feet with additional joints that allow him to leave the waist rapidly ejecting like a “compressed spring”
In the collisions with pedestrians, there are too many variables that have an impact on the severity of the injuries such as vehicle size, height, speed and angle of impact. And there are many situations where there are serious injuries on the legs. Bone injuries of the ankle and foot limb can cause long-term, weakness because we are so dependent on them for daily travel. The tibia is the least protected bone in the body, with only a thin layer of skin covering it.