Increased risk of developing Parkinson‘s disease later in their lives is experienced by people suffering from type 2 diabetes, according to a new major British scientific study. The risk appears to be higher for younger diabetics and for those with complications due to diabetes.
Parkinson‘s is a neurodegenerative disease that progressively affects an increasing part of the brain and makes it difficult to control patient movements. In type 2 diabetes, the patient either does not produce enough insulin in his body to properly adjust the blood sugar level, or his cells do not effectively use insulin produced. The new study shows that there may be some relationship between the two conditions.
The researchers, led by Dr. Thomas Warner of UCL, who published the publication in the Neurology journal of the American Academy of Neurology, studied data for about eight million people admitted to the hospital over a 12-year period .
It was found that on average the risk of Parkinson’s is 31% higher in people with type 2 diabetes than those who do not have diabetes. The risk is even greater (49%) for those with diabetes with complications.
In terms of age groups and how these are affected, 25-44 year-olds are approximately four times more likely to develop Parkinson than their non-diabetes type 2 diabetes, and the increase in risk for diabetics over 75 is only 18% with their peers without diabetes.
“Our study looked at a large proportion of the population and found a strong correlation between these two seemingly irrelevant diseases. Whether genetically predisposed, or something else, the issue needs to be further studied, “Werner said.