Health

1.8 million children, are suffering from tuberculosis every year

At least 1.8 million children and young people aged between 10 and 24-year-old are suffering from tuberculosis each year, according to a new scientific study. This is the first global estimate for tuberculosis incidents especially among young people and shows that the greatest risk is experienced by people between 20 to 24-year-old.

The scientists, led by Australian actress Catherine Snow, of the Department of Pediatrics, University of Melbourne, who published the publication in the journal European Respiratory Journal, estimated that there are at least 1.05 million new TB infections every year young people aged 20 to 24, 535,000 in teenagers aged 15 to 19 and 192,000 in children from 10 to 14 years of age.

Due to the lack of reliable data in many countries, researchers do not rule out that actual new incidents among children and young people may be much more, up to three million a year. Most new infections in individuals from 10 to 14 years of age are recorded in South Asia (721,000 per year), followed by Sub-Saharan Africa (534,000 new cases).

Tuberculosis is transmitted by infected droplets sprayed by cough or sneezing of patients. It can be treated with antibiotics, but without proper treatment it often becomes fatal.